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Rev Mal Respir. 2014 Nov;31(9):849-53. doi: 10.1016/j.rmr.2014.02.010. Epub 2014 Mar 18.

[Interstitial lung disease-associated with amyopathic dermatomyositis and anti-MDA5 autoantibodies].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1Service de pneumologie, hôpital Louis-Pradel, hospices civils de Lyon, Centre national de référence des maladies pulmonaires rares, université Claude-Bernard - Lyon 1, 28, avenue Doyen-Lepine, 69677 Lyon, France.
  • 2Laboratoire d'immunologie, centre hospitalier Lyon-Sud, hospices civils de Lyon, 69495 Pierre-Bénite, France.
  • 3Cabinet de pneumologie, 60, avenue de Jasseron, 01000 Bourg-en-Bresse, France.
  • 4Service de pneumologie, hôpital Louis-Pradel, hospices civils de Lyon, Centre national de référence des maladies pulmonaires rares, université Claude-Bernard - Lyon 1, 28, avenue Doyen-Lepine, 69677 Lyon, France. Electronic address: vincent.cottin@chu-lyon.fr.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Amyopathic dermatomyositis associated with anti-MDA5 autoantibodies is a rare and very recently described clinical entity.

CASE REPORT:

A 58-year-old woman was admitted with subacute onset of dyspnea (NYHA class IV) associated with cough, oligoarthritis of the wrists, myalgia and intermittent fever. Examination demonstrated skin lesions with heliotrope rash, Gottron's papules, "mechanics hands", and basal inspiratory crackles on lung auscultation. Pulmonary function tests showed a restrictive ventilatory defect, with decreased carbon monoxide diffusion capacity and marked hypoxemia (PaO2 61 mmHg). The chest high-resolution computed tomography appearances were consistent with organizing pneumonia. Bronchoalveolar lavage differential cell count demonstrated 22 % neutrophils. Serum creatine kinase and electromyography were normal ; the serum ferritin level was elevated. Antinuclear antibodies were present and anti-MDA5 autoantibodies were identified. Significant improvement was obtained with systemic corticosteroids, later converted to mycophenolate mofetil as a steroid-sparing agent.

CONCLUSION:

Amyopathic dermatomyositis associated with anti-MDA5 autoantibodies shares some characteristics with those associated with anti-synthetase antibodies. Muscular involvement may be mild or absent. Early diagnosis and treatment may improve outcome.

KEYWORDS:

Anti-MDA5 autoantibodies; Anti-synthetase autoantibodies; Auto-anticorps anti-MDA5; Auto-anticorps anti-synthétases; Dermatomyosite; Dermatomyositis; Interstitial lung disease; Organising pneumonia; Pneumopathie infiltrante diffuse; Pneumopathie organisée

PMID:
25433590
DOI:
10.1016/j.rmr.2014.02.010
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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