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BMC Pulm Med. 2014 Nov 29;14:188. doi: 10.1186/1471-2466-14-188.

Compliance with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for obstructive sleep apnea among privately paying patients- a cross sectional study.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, The Aga Khan University Hospital, PO Box 3500, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan. Muhammad.irfan@aku.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To evaluate the compliance, benefits and side effects associated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy among Pakistani patients treated for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in private sector.

METHODS:

Patients diagnosed to have OSA based on overnight study who were recommended for CPAP therapy, between 1998 and 2003, were evaluated by telephonic survey and review of hospital notes. Compliance, benefits and side effects associated with CPAP therapy were assessed.

RESULTS:

Out of 135 patients who were prescribed CPAP therapy, 75 could be contacted. Sixty (80%) started using CPAP within one month of diagnosis and 46 (61%) continued to use it long-term (beyond one year). Compliance with CPAP therapy was associated with higher body mass index, higher Epworth sleepiness scale score, history of witnessed apnea, and reduction in daytime sleepiness with CPAP therapy. OSA severity as assessed by apnea-hypopnea index did not affect compliance with CPAP therapy. Use of anti-depressants and CPAP induced sleep disturbances were associated with poor compliance with CPAP therapy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Obesity, excessive daytime sleepiness, witnessed apnea and improvement of daytime symptoms following use of CPAP were predictors of improved compliance. Use of antidepressants and CPAP induced sleep disturbances were predictors of poor compliance.

PMID:
25433468
PMCID:
PMC4258250
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2466-14-188
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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