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Nutr Hosp. 2014 Dec 1;30(6):1203-10. doi: 10.3305/nh.2014.30.6.7866.

[Is gluten the great etiopathogenic agent of disease in the XXI century?].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Departamento de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid. España.. ismasmm@gmail.com.
2
Centros de Investigación en Nutrición y Salud. Departamento de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid. España.. ismasmm@gmail.com.
3
Centros de Investigación en Nutrición y Salud.. ismasmm@gmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

INTRODUCTION:

Gluten is a glycoprotein present in some cereals. The incidence of disorders related to gluten, including the EC, is increasing, even pathologies far from an etiology or treatment with GF D.

AIMS:

Review the scientific literature related to the ingestion of gluten and pathogenesis of different diseases.

METHODS:

A literature search in major scientific database.

RESULTS:

We obtained from the following diseases, gluten ataxia, multiple sclerosis, autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depressive disorders, headaches, irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, dermatitis herpetiformis and epilepsy, studies in which either a determination of gliadin was refered or a treatment, with/without gluten, was applied and evaluated.

CONCLUSION:

The ingestion of gluten seems to be related to disease, when there is no EC, SGNC or wheat allergy. Suspicions about the benefit of GF D as a complementary treatment is borne in semi-clinical trials and cohorts, either as a causal factor in the pathogenesis, or improvement of symptoms.

PMID:
25433099
DOI:
10.3305/nh.2014.30.6.7866
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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