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Curr Hypertens Rep. 2015 Jan;17(1):503. doi: 10.1007/s11906-014-0503-3.

Treatment of hypertension in children with chronic kidney disease.

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Division of Nephrology, Seattle Children's Hospital, 4800 Sand Point Way NE, M/S OC.9.820, Seattle, WA, 98105, USA,


Hypertension (HTN) is increasingly recognized as a common feature of pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD). A growing body of evidence demonstrates that HTN is both underdiagnosed and undertreated in this population. The consequences of untreated HTN include adverse effects on CKD progression, markers of cardiovascular morbidity, and neurocognitive functioning. Consensus guidelines issued over the past decade have incorporated recent research on the consequences of HTN in recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of HTN in pediatric CKD and include lower BP targets. Agents which target the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) should be considered first-line therapy in CKD-associated HTN in children, though multiple medications may be required to achieve sufficient BP control.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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