Send to

Choose Destination
Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2015 Jan;45(1):167-83. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2014.09.009.

Orthoses and exoprostheses for companion animals.

Author information

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, NCSU CVM VHC #2563, 1052 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC 27607-4065, USA. Electronic address:
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, 2407 River Drive, Knoxville TN 37996, USA.
Department of Physical Therapy, Dept. #3253, 615 McCallie Avenue, Chattanooga, TN 37403-2598, USA.
Department of Occupational Therapy (McDonald), Dept. #3103, 615 McCallie Avenue, Chattanooga, TN 37403-2598, USA.


Exoprostheses are devices that are secured to incomplete limbs to enable locomotion. By comparison, orthoses are devices externally applied to support or protect an injured body part. Orthoses also can be used to control, guide, protect, limit motion of, or immobilize an extremity, a joint, or a body segment. Exoprostheses and orthoses are a growing aspect of the physical rehabilitation of companion animals. They require precise design and fabrication. Patients and owners must be trained to use the devices. Exoprostheses and orthoses can have a profound beneficial impact on the mobility and the quality of life of companion animals.


Exoprosthesis; Orthosis; Orthotics; Prosthetic design; Prosthetic device; Prosthetic fitting; Prosthetic training; Socket prosthesis

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center