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Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 Jun;49(6):1179-83.

Low-fat, high-fiber diet and serum estrone sulfate in premenopausal women.

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Department of Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111.


The effect of diet on serum estrogen levels was investigated in 17 healthy premenopausal women consuming defined diets prepared in a metabolic unit. During an initial 4-wk control period all women consumed a typical Western diet (40% of total calories from fat, 400 mg cholesterol/d, 12 g dietary fiber/d, and a ratio of polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids [P:S] of 0.5). After this control period they were switched to a low-fat, high-fiber diet for 8-10 wk, which consisted of 25% of calories from fat, P:S of 1.0, cholesterol of 200 mg cholesterol/d, and 40 g dietary fiber/d. Compared with the control period 16 of 17 women had lower serum estrone sulfate levels on the low-fat, high-fiber diet. There was an average decrease of 36% with mean levels decreasing from 2.11 +/- 0.25 nmol/L (means +/- SEM) on the control diet to 1.29 +/- 0.19 nmol/L on the experimental diet (p less than 0.001). We conclude that a low-fat, high-fiber diet can significantly reduce serum estrone sulfate levels.

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