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J Med Chem. 2014 Dec 26;57(24):10304-13. doi: 10.1021/jm500836h. Epub 2014 Dec 8.

Discovery of a phosphodiesterase 9A inhibitor as a potential hypoglycemic agent.

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School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University , Guangzhou 510006, P. R. China.


Phosphodiesterase 9 (PDE9) inhibitors have been studied as potential therapeutics for treatment of diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. Here we report a potent PDE9 inhibitor 3r that has an IC50 of 0.6 nM and >150-fold selectivity over other PDEs. The HepG2 cell-based assay shows that 3r inhibits the mRNA expression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase and glucose 6-phosphatase. These activities of 3r, together with the reasonable pharmacokinetic properties and no acute toxicity at 1200 mg/kg dosage, suggest its potential as a hypoglycemic agent. The crystal structure of PDE9-3r reveals significantly different conformation and hydrogen bonding pattern of 3r from those of previously published 28s. Both 3r and 28s form a hydrogen bond with Tyr424, a unique PDE9 residue (except for PDE8), but 3r shows an additional hydrogen bond with Ala452. This structure information might be useful for design of PDE9 inhibitors.

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