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Molecules. 2014 Nov 26;19(12):19610-32. doi: 10.3390/molecules191219610.

Recent advances in the chemical composition of propolis.

Author information

1
College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. asmallcaths@163.com.
2
College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. lgzcplyx@aliyun.com.
3
College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. kaiwang628@gmail.com.
4
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. george.li@sydney.edu.au.
5
College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. flhu@zju.edu.cn.

Abstract

Propolis is a honeybee product with broad clinical applications. Current literature describes that propolis is collected from plant resins. From a systematic database search, 241 compounds were identified in propolis for the first time between 2000 and 2012; and they belong to such diverse chemical classes as flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, terpenenes, stilbenes, lignans, coumarins, and their prenylated derivatives, showing a pattern consistent with around 300 previously reported compounds. The chemical characteristics of propolis are linked to the diversity of geographical location, plant sources and bee species.

PMID:
25432012
DOI:
10.3390/molecules191219610
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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