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Curr Gerontol Geriatr Res. 2014;2014:735235. doi: 10.1155/2014/735235. Epub 2014 Nov 6.

A Cross-Sectional Study to Examine Factors Associated with Primary Health Care Service Utilization among Older Adults in the Irbid Governorate of Jordan.

Author information

1
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Jerash University, Amman, Irbid International Street, Jerash 26150, Jordan.
2
Faculty of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA.
3
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, P.O. Box 7, Nablus, Palestine.
4
Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University, Amman 11942, Jordan.
5
Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University, Amman 11942, Jordan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recently, the percentage of older adults in developing countries has increased significantly.

OBJECTIVE:

This study examined patterns and factors associated with primary health care services utilization in the past 1, 6, and 12 months.

METHOD:

A cross-sectional study design was used to collect data from 190 older adults in the Irbid governorate of Jordan.

RESULTS:

Primary health care services were used by less than half of the participants in the past 1 month, by 68.4% in the past 6 months, and by 73.8% in the past 12 months. Primary health care (PHC) services use was associated with age, education level, tobacco use, chronic illnesses, perceived general health status today, a physical component summary score, employment, and perceived general health status in the past 6 and 12 months. The primary predictor of PHC services use at 1, 6, and 12 months was chronic illnesses (OR = 13.32), (OR = 19.63), and (OR = 17.91), respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Although many factors were associated with PHC service utilization, the strongest predictor of PHC service utilization was chronic illnesses.

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