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BMC Vet Res. 2014 Nov 28;10:283. doi: 10.1186/s12917-014-0283-7.

Isolation of the highly pathogenic and zoonotic agent Burkholderia pseudomallei from a pet green Iguana in Prague, Czech Republic.

Author information

1
Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses, Naumburger Strasse 96a, 07743, Jena, Germany. mandy.elschner@fli.bund.de.
2
Animal Clinic, Bílá Hora, Cistovicka 44, 16300, Prague 6, Czech Republic. jan.hnizdo@seznam.cz.
3
Vet Med Labor GmbH, Division of IDEXX Laboratories, Mörikestrasse 28/3, 71636, Ludwigsburg, Germany. ivonne-stamm@idexx.com.
4
Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses, Naumburger Strasse 96a, 07743, Jena, Germany. hosny.eladawy@fli.bund.de.
5
Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses, Naumburger Strasse 96a, 07743, Jena, Germany. katja.mertens@fli.bund.de.
6
Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses, Naumburger Strasse 96a, 07743, Jena, Germany. falk.melzer@fli.bund.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Melioidosis caused by Burkholderia (B.) pseudomallei is an endemic zoonotic disease mainly reported from northern Australia and Southeast Asia. In Europe, cases of human melioidosis have been reported only from patients travelling to endemic regions. Besides humans, B. pseudomallei has a very broad host range in domestic and wild animals. There are some reports about importation of B. pseudomallei-infected animals from endemic areas into Europe. The present report describes the first case of B. pseudomallei infection of a pet iguana in Europe.

CASE PRESENTATION:

In a 5-year-old pet Iguana iguana living in a private household in Prague, Czech Republic, B. pseudomallei was isolated from pus of an abscess. The isolate VB976100 was identified by Vitek®2, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and polymerase chain reaction as B. pseudomallei. The molecular typing resulted in multi-locus sequence type 436 hitherto, which has been found only once worldwide in a B. pseudomallei strain isolated in the USA and originating from Guatemala. The identification as internal transcribed spacer type G indicates a close relatedness to strains mainly isolated in the Western Hemisphere. These findings support the hypothesis that the iguana became infected in this region or in a breeding facility through contact to other infected animals.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present case highlights the risk of importation of the highly pathogenic and zoonotic B. pseudomallei into non-endemic regions through animal trade. Therefore, veterinarians treating animals from these areas and physicians examining patients owning such animals should include melioidosis in differential diagnosis whenever specific symptoms appear. Furthermore, veterinary authorities responsible for supervision of traders and pet shops should be aware of this risk of zoonotic transmission.

PMID:
25430942
PMCID:
PMC4255680
DOI:
10.1186/s12917-014-0283-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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