Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Imaging. 2014;13. doi: 10.2310/7290.2014.00044.

In vivo optical imaging of matrix metalloproteinase activity detects acute and chronic contact hypersensitivity reactions and enables monitoring of the antiinflammatory effects of N-acetylcysteine.


The aim of this study was to determine whether the severity of contact hypersensitivity reactions (CHSRs) can be observed by noninvasive in vivo optical imaging of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and whether this is an appropriate tool for monitoring an antiinflammatory effect. Acute and chronic CHSRs were elicited by application of a 1% trinitrochlorobenzene (TNCB) solution for up to five times on the right ear of TNCB-sensitized mice. N-Acetylcysteine (NAC)-treated and sham-treated mice were monitored by measuring ear swelling and optical imaging of MMP activity. In addition, we performed hematoxylin-eosin staining and CD31 immunohistochemistry for histopathologic analysis of the antiinflammatory effects of NAC. The ear thickness and the MMP activity increased in line with the increasing severity of the CHSR. MMP activity was enhanced 2.5- to 2.7-fold during acute CHSR and 3.1- to 4.1-fold during chronic CHSR. NAC suppressed ear swelling and MMP signal intensity in mice with acute and chronic CHSR. During chronic CHSR, the vessel density was significantly reduced in ear sections derived from NAC-treated compared to sham-treated mice. In vivo optical imaging of MMP activity measures acute and chronic CHSR and is useful to monitor antiinflammatory effects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center