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Gynecol Endocrinol. 2015 Apr;31(4):269-71. doi: 10.3109/09513590.2014.984677. Epub 2014 Nov 28.

Dietary habits in adolescent girls with polycystic ovarian syndrome.

Author information

1
1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Athens , Athens , Greece .

Abstract

The phenotype of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is known to worsen with weight gain, increased ingestion of carbohydrates and a sedentary lifestyle. The purpose of this study was to assess the dietary habits in a group of adolescent girls with PCOS. Adolescents with PCOS were recruited and asked to complete a questionnaire on their eating habits and a recall dietary diary, from which their caloric and macronutrient intake was calculated. Results were compared with those from a group of normal controls. Thirty-five women with PCOS and 46 controls were included. Girls with PCOS were less likely to have cereals for breakfast (20.7 versus 66.7%) and as a result consumed less fibre than controls. They were more likely to eat an evening meal (97.1 versus 78.3%) and eat this over an hour later when compared to controls. Despite having comparable body mass indexes, girls with PCOS ate a daily surplus calorie average of 3% versus controls that had a negative calorie intake of 0.72% (pā€‰=ā€‰0.047). Ameliorating eating habits early in adolescence in girls with PCOS may improve future metabolic concerns related to a genetic predisposition and worsened by an unhealthy lifestyle.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent health; PCOS; diet; lifestyle; metabolic syndrome

PMID:
25430596
DOI:
10.3109/09513590.2014.984677
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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