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J Am Dent Assoc. 2014 Dec;145(12):1254-61. doi: 10.14219/jada.2014.95.

Early childhood caries and intake of 100 percent fruit juice: Data from NHANES, 1999-2004.

Author information

1
Dr. Vargas is an associate professor, School of Dentistry, University of Maryland, 650 W. Baltimore St., Room 2217, Baltimore, Md. 21201, email cvargas@umaryland.edu. Address correspondence to Dr. Vargas.
2
Dr. Dye is a dental epidemiology officer, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Md.
3
Ms. Kolasny is a dental student, School of Dentistry, University of Maryland, Baltimore.
4
Dr. Buckman is a statistician, Information Management Services, Calverton, Md.
5
Mr. McNeel is a senior systems analyst, Information Management Services, Calverton, Md.
6
Dr. Tinanoff is a professor and chief, Division of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Maryland, Baltimore.
7
Dr. Marshall is an associate professor, Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dentistry, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.
8
Dr. Levy is Wright-Bush Shreves Professor of Research and graduate program associate director, Dental Public Health, College of Dentistry, and a professor, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The results of several studies conducted in the United States show no association between intake of 100 percent fruit juice and early childhood caries (ECC). The authors examined this association according to poverty and race/ethnicity among U.S. preschool children.

METHODS:

The authors analyzed data from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 2,290 children aged 2 through 5 years. They used logistic models for caries (yes or no) to assess the association between caries and intake of 100 percent fruit juice, defined as consumption (yes or no), ounces (categories) consumed in the previous 24 hours or usual intake (by means of a statistical method from the National Cancer Institute).

RESULTS:

The association between caries and consumption of 100 percent fruit juice (yes or no) was not statistically significant in an unadjusted logistic model (odds ratio [OR], 0.76; 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 0.57-1.01), and it remained nonsignificant after covariate adjustment (OR, 0.89; 95 percent CI, 0.63-1.24). Similarly, models in which we evaluated categorical consumption of 100 percent juice (that is, 0 oz; > 0 and ≤ 6 oz; and > 6 oz), unadjusted and adjusted by covariates, did not indicate an association with ECC.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study findings are consistent with those of other studies that show consumption of 100 percent fruit juice is not associated with ECC.

KEYWORDS:

Caries; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; eating habits; epidemiology; pediatric dentistry

PMID:
25429039
DOI:
10.14219/jada.2014.95
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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