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EMBO Rep. 2015 Jan;16(1):79-86. doi: 10.15252/embr.201438714. Epub 2014 Nov 26.

LRRK2 localizes to endosomes and interacts with clathrin-light chains to limit Rac1 activation.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery and McGill Parkinson Program, Montreal Neurological Institute McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
2
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery and McGill Parkinson Program, Montreal Neurological Institute McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada ted.fon@mcgill.ca peter.mcpherson@mcgill.ca.

Abstract

Mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) are the most common cause of dominant-inherited Parkinson's disease (PD), and yet we do not fully understand the physiological function(s) of LRRK2. Various components of the clathrin machinery have been recently found mutated in familial forms of PD. Here, we provide molecular insight into the association of LRRK2 with the clathrin machinery. We report that through its GTPase domain, LRRK2 binds directly to clathrin-light chains (CLCs). Using genome-edited HA-LRRK2 cells, we localize LRRK2 to endosomes on the degradative pathway, where it partially co-localizes with CLCs. Knockdown of CLCs and/or LRRK2 enhances the activation of the small GTPase Rac1, leading to alterations in cell morphology, including the disruption of neuronal dendritic spines. In Drosphila, a minimal rough eye phenotype caused by overexpression of Rac1, is dramatically enhanced by loss of function of CLC and LRRK2 homologues, confirming the importance of this pathway in vivo. Our data identify a new pathway in which CLCs function with LRRK2 to control Rac1 activation on endosomes, providing a new link between the clathrin machinery, the cytoskeleton and PD.

KEYWORDS:

Drosophila melanogaster; Parkinson's disease; Rac1; clathrin; endosomes

PMID:
25427558
PMCID:
PMC4304731
DOI:
10.15252/embr.201438714
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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