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J Steroid Biochem. 1989 Apr;32(4):485-92.

Binding of 2-hydroxyestradiol and 4-hydroxyestradiol to estrogen receptors from human breast cancers.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Louisville, KY 40292.


The binding of catechol estrogens, epoxyenones and methoxyestrogens was evaluated using estrogen receptors in cytosol prepared from human breast cancers. The relative affinity of 2-hydroxyestradiol, a metabolite formed in vitro from estradiol-17 beta by breast cancer cells, was indistinguishable from that of estradiol-17 beta. 4-Hydroxyestradiol, which is also a metabolite of estradiol-17 beta, associated with the estrogen receptor with a relative affinity approximately 1.5-fold greater than that of estradiol-17 beta. Epoxyenones and methoxyestrogens were weak competitors compared to the binding of estradiol-17 beta, exhibiting relative affinities 3% or less than the affinity of estradiol-17 beta. Sucrose density gradient centrifugation revealed that both 2- and 4-hydroxyestradiol inhibited the binding of estradiol-17 beta to both the 4S and 8S isoforms of the estrogen receptor in a competitive manner, with a Ki = 0.94 nM for 2-hydroxyestradiol and a Ki = 0.48 nM for 4-hydroxyestradiol. It can be concluded that these data demonstrate a specific receptor-mediated estrogenic action for both of these catechol estrogens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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