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J Exerc Rehabil. 2014 Oct 31;10(5):265-70. doi: 10.12965/jer.140124. eCollection 2014 Oct.

The effects of horseback riding participation on the muscle tone and range of motion for children with spastic cerebral palsy.

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation Personal Training, College of Rehabilitation Welfare Education, Konyang University, NonSan, Korea.
2
Department of Adapted Physical Education, Korea National Sport University, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Adapted Physical Education, College of Sport Science, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Korea.

Abstract

The objective of this research is to verify the effects of horseback riding participation on the muscle tone of pelvic limbs and articular range of motion for children with spastic cerebral palsy. The research target is 16 children with spastic cerebral palsy, 8 children for the experimental group and 8 children for the control group. As a tool to measure the muscle tone, Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), was used and a goniometer was used to measure the range of motion (ROM). A therapeutic horseback riding program was conducted to an experimental group of 8 children with spastic cerebral palsy in the therapeutic horseback riding for 60 min a day, 2 days a week and a total of 12 weeks. The results are as follows: First, the participation in the therapeutic horseback riding program showed a statistically significant difference in the muscle tone for the knee of children with spastic cerebral palsy (P< 0.01). Second, though the difference in knee muscle tone between the experimental group and the control group was statistically insignificant, the average was improved by the participation. Third, the participation in the therapeutic horseback riding program showed a statistically significant difference in the hip-joint motion range for the knee of children with spastic cerebral palsy (P< 0.01). Fourth, though the difference in the hip joint motion range between the experimental group and the control group was statistically insignificant, the average was improved by the participation.

KEYWORDS:

Horseback riding; Muscle tone; Range of motion; Spastic cerebral palsy

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