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Front Zool. 2014 Nov 18;11(1):81. doi: 10.1186/s12983-014-0081-x. eCollection 2014.

FASconCAT-G: extensive functions for multiple sequence alignment preparations concerning phylogenetic studies.

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Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum A. Koenig, Adenauerallee 160-163, Bonn, 53113 Germany.
Center for Ocean Health, 100 Shaffer Road, Santa Cruz, 95060 CA USA.



Phylogenetic and population genetic studies often deal with multiple sequence alignments that require manipulation or processing steps such as sequence concatenation, sequence renaming, sequence translation or consensus sequence generation. In recent years phylogenetic data sets have expanded from single genes to genome wide markers comprising hundreds to thousands of loci. Processing of these large phylogenomic data sets is impracticable without using automated process pipelines. Currently no stand-alone or pipeline compatible program exists that offers a broad range of manipulation and processing steps for multiple sequence alignments in a single process run.


Here we present FASconCAT-G, a system independent editor, which offers various processing options for multiple sequence alignments. The software provides a wide range of possibilities to edit and concatenate multiple nucleotide, amino acid, and structure sequence alignment files for phylogenetic and population genetic purposes. The main options include sequence renaming, file format conversion, sequence translation between nucleotide and amino acid states, consensus generation of specific sequence blocks, sequence concatenation, model selection of amino acid replacement with ProtTest, two types of RY coding as well as site exclusions and extraction of parsimony informative sites. Convieniently, most options can be invoked in combination and performed during a single process run. Additionally, FASconCAT-G prints useful information regarding alignment characteristics and editing processes such as base compositions of single in- and outfiles, sequence areas in a concatenated supermatrix, as well as paired stem and loop regions in secondary structure sequence strings.


FASconCAT-G is a command-line driven Perl program that delivers computationally fast and user-friendly processing of multiple sequence alignments for phylogenetic and population genetic applications and is well suited for incorporation into analysis pipelines.


Consensus sequence; File format conversion; Multiple sequence alignment; Phylogenetic reconstruction; Sequence concatenation; Sequence processing; Sequence translation

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