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PLoS One. 2014 Nov 24;9(11):e112657. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112657. eCollection 2014.

A new species of Muscicapa flycatcher from Sulawesi, Indonesia.

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Environment Institute and School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America.
Michigan State University Museum and Department of Integrative Biology, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America; Bird Group, Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum at Tring, Tring, Herts, United Kingdom.
Fenner School of Environment and Society, Australian National University, Acton, Australian Capital Territory, Australia; South-east Asian Biodiversity Society, Singapore, Republic of Singapore.
Division of Zoology, Research Centre for Biology, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Cibinong-Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
Celebes Bird Club, Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Republic of Singapore.


The Indonesian island of Sulawesi, a globally important hotspot of avian endemism, has been relatively poorly studied ornithologically, to the extent that several new bird species from the region have been described to science only recently, and others have been observed and photographed, but never before collected or named to science. One of these is a new species of Muscicapa flycatcher that has been observed on several occasions since 1997. We collected two specimens in Central Sulawesi in 2012, and based on a combination of morphological, vocal and genetic characters, we describe the new species herein, more than 15 years after the first observations. The new species is superficially similar to the highly migratory, boreal-breeding Gray-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta, which winters in Sulawesi; however, the new species differs strongly from M. griseisticta in several morphological characters, song, and mtDNA. Based on mtDNA, the new species is only distantly related to M. griseisticta, instead being a member of the M. dauurica clade. The new species is evidently widely distributed in lowland and submontane forest throughout Sulawesi. This wide distribution coupled with the species' apparent tolerance of disturbed habitats suggests it is not currently threatened with extinction.

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