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Nat Mater. 2015 Mar;14(3):285-9. doi: 10.1038/nmat4153. Epub 2014 Nov 24.

Superconductivity above 100 K in single-layer FeSe films on doped SrTiO3.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road Shanghai 200240, China.
2
1] Key Laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road Shanghai 200240, China [2] Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing 210093, China.
3
Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.
4
1] Key Laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road Shanghai 200240, China [2] Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing 210093, China [3] Department of Physics and Materials Research Institute, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA.

Abstract

Recent experiments on FeSe films grown on SrTiO3 (STO) suggest that interface effects can be used as a means to reach superconducting critical temperatures (Tc) of up to 80 K (ref. ). This is nearly ten times the Tc of bulk FeSe and higher than the record value of 56 K for known bulk Fe-based superconductors. Together with recent studies of superconductivity at oxide heterostructure interfaces, these results rekindle the long-standing idea that electron pairing at interfaces between two different materials can be tailored to achieve high-temperature superconductivity. Subsequent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements of the FeSe/STO system revealed an electronic structure distinct from bulk FeSe (refs , ), with an energy gap vanishing at around 65 K. However, ex situ electrical transport measurements have so far detected zero resistance-the key experimental signature of superconductivity-only below 30 K. Here, we report the observation of superconductivity with Tc above 100 K in the FeSe/STO system by means of in situ four-point probe electrical transport measurements. This finding confirms FeSe/STO as an ideal material for studying high-Tc superconductivity.

PMID:
25419814
DOI:
10.1038/nmat4153

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