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Cell. 1989 Jun 2;57(5):739-51.

Composite motifs and repeat symmetry in S. pombe centromeres: direct analysis by integration of NotI restriction sites.

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Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, Japan.


S. pombe centromeres are large and complex. We introduced a method that enables us to characterize directly centromere DNAs. Genomic DNA fragments containing cen1, cen2, or cen3, respectively, are made by cleaving NotI sites integrated on target sites and are partially restricted for long-range mapping in PFG electrophoresis. The 40 kb long cen1 consists of two inverted approximately 10 kb motifs, each containing centromeric elements dg and dh, flanked by a central region. In cen2, three motifs are arranged in inverted and direct orientations with flanking domains, making up the approximately 70 kb long repetitious region. In cen3, approximately 15 copies of dg-dh constitute a region longer than 100 kb. A set of inverted motifs with an approximately 15 kb central region might be a prototype for the S. pombe centromeres. The motifs appear to play a role in chromosome stability and segregation. Their action may be additive, and the mutual directions of dg and dh inside a motif may not be essential for function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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