Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Stem Cell Reports. 2014 Nov 11;3(5):804-16. doi: 10.1016/j.stemcr.2014.09.005. Epub 2014 Oct 9.

Efficient differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells to endothelial progenitors via small-molecule activation of WNT signaling.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
2
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address: palecek@engr.wisc.edu.

Erratum in

  • Stem Cell Reports. 2015 Jan 13;4(1):170.

Abstract

Human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived endothelial cells and their progenitors may provide the means for vascularization of tissue-engineered constructs and can serve as models to study vascular development and disease. Here, we report a method to efficiently produce endothelial cells from hPSCs via GSK3 inhibition and culture in defined media to direct hPSC differentiation to CD34(+)CD31(+) endothelial progenitors. Exogenous vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment was dispensable, and endothelial progenitor differentiation was β-catenin dependent. Furthermore, by clonal analysis, we showed that CD34(+)CD31(+)CD117(+)TIE-2(+) endothelial progenitors were multipotent, capable of differentiating into calponin-expressing smooth muscle cells and CD31(+)CD144(+)vWF(+)I-CAM1(+) endothelial cells. These endothelial cells were capable of 20 population doublings, formed tube-like structures, imported acetylated low-density lipoprotein, and maintained a dynamic barrier function. This study provides a rapid and efficient method for production of hPSC-derived endothelial progenitors and endothelial cells and identifies WNT/β-catenin signaling as a primary regulator for generating vascular cells from hPSCs.

PMID:
25418725
PMCID:
PMC4235141
DOI:
10.1016/j.stemcr.2014.09.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center