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J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 2014 Nov;2014(49):145-86. doi: 10.1093/jncimonographs/lgu024.

Cancer survival: an overview of measures, uses, and interpretation.

Author information

1
Surveillance Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (AM, AN, NH, HC); Division of Cancer Registration and Surveillance, National Cancer Center, Goyang-si Gyeonggi-do, Korea (HC); Information Management Services, Inc., Calverton MD (GEK, JG); Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Lebanon, NH, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, White River Junction, VT (SW, LMS). mariotta@mail.nih.gov.
2
Surveillance Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (AM, AN, NH, HC); Division of Cancer Registration and Surveillance, National Cancer Center, Goyang-si Gyeonggi-do, Korea (HC); Information Management Services, Inc., Calverton MD (GEK, JG); Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Lebanon, NH, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, White River Junction, VT (SW, LMS).

Abstract

Survival statistics are of great interest to patients, clinicians, researchers, and policy makers. Although seemingly simple, survival can be confusing: there are many different survival measures with a plethora of names and statistical methods developed to answer different questions. This paper aims to describe and disseminate different survival measures and their interpretation in less technical language. In addition, we introduce templates to summarize cancer survival statistic organized by their specific purpose: research and policy versus prognosis and clinical decision making.

PMID:
25417231
PMCID:
PMC4829054
DOI:
10.1093/jncimonographs/lgu024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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