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Cell. 2014 Oct 23;159(3):676-90. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2014.09.050.

Integrated genomic characterization of papillary thyroid carcinoma.

Collaborators (243)

Agrawal N, Akbani R, Aksoy BA, Ally A, Arachchi H, Asa SL, Auman JT, Balasundaram M, Balu S, Baylin SB, Behera M, Bernard B, Beroukhim R, Bishop JA, Black AD, Bodenheimer T, Boice L, Bootwalla MS, Bowen J, Bowlby R, Bristow CA, Brookens R, Brooks D, Bryant R, Buda E, Butterfield YS, Carling T, Carlsen R, Carter SL, Carty SE, Chan TA, Chen AY, Cherniack AD, Cheung D, Chin L, Cho J, Chu A, Chuah E, Cibulskis K, Ciriello G, Clarke A, Clayman GL, Cope L, Copland JA, Covington K, Danilova L, Davidsen T, Demchok JA, DiCara D, Dhalla N, Dhir R, Dookran SS, Dresdner G, Eldridge J, Eley G, El-Naggar AK, Eng S, Fagin JA, Fennell T, Ferris RL, Fisher S, Frazer S, Frick J, Gabriel SB, Ganly I, Gao J, Garraway LA, Gastier-Foster JM, Getz G, Gehlenborg N, Ghossein R, Gibbs RA, Giordano TJ, Gomez-Hernandez K, Grimsby J, Gross B, Guin R, Hadjipanayis A, Harper HA, Hayes DN, Heiman DI, Herman JG, Hoadley KA, Hofree M, Holt RA, Hoyle AP, Huang FW, Huang M, Hutter CM, Ideker T, Iype L, Jacobsen A, Jefferys SR, Jones CD, Jones SJ, Kasaian K, Kebebew E, Khuri FR, Kim J, Kramer R, Kreisberg R, Kucherlapati R, Kwiatkowski DJ, Ladanyi M, Lai PH, Laird PW, Lander E, Lawrence MS, Lee D, Lee E, Lee S, Lee W, Leraas KM, Lichtenberg TM, Lichtenstein L, Lin P, Ling S, Liu J, Liu W, Liu Y, LiVolsi VA, Lu Y, Ma Y, Mahadeshwar HS, Marra MA, Mayo M, McFadden DG, Meng S, Meyerson M, Mieczkowski PA, Miller M, Mills G, Moore RA, Mose LE, Mungall AJ, Murray BA, Nikiforov YE, Noble MS, Ojesina AI, Owonikoko TK, Ozenberger BA, Pantazi A, Parfenov M, Park PJ, Parker JS, Paull EO, Pedamallu CS, Perou CM, Prins JF, Protopopov A, Ramalingam SS, Ramirez NC, Ramirez R, Raphael BJ, Rathmell WK, Ren X, Reynolds SM, Rheinbay E, Ringel MD, Rivera M, Roach J, Robertson AG, Rosenberg MW, Rosenthal M, Sadeghi S, Saksena G, Sander C, Santoso N, Schein JE, Schultz N, Schumacher SE, Seethala RR, Seidman J, Senbabaoglu Y, Seth S, Sharpe S, Shaw KR, Shen JP, Shen R, Sherman S, Sheth M, Shi Y, Shmulevich I, Sica GL, Simons JV, Sinha R, Sipahimalani P, Smallridge RC, Sofia HJ, Soloway MG, Song X, Sougnez C, Stewart C, Stojanov P, Stuart JM, Sumer SO, Sun Y, Tabak B, Tam A, Tan D, Tang J, Tarnuzzer R, Taylor BS, Thiessen N, Thorne L, Thorsson V, Tuttle RM, Umbricht CB, Van Den Berg DJ, Vandin F, Veluvolu U, Verhaak RG, Vinco M, Voet D, Walter V, Wang Z, Waring S, Weinberger PM, Weinhold N, Weinstein JN, Weisenberger DJ, Wheeler D, Wilkerson MD, Wilson J, Williams M, Winer DA, Wise L, Wu J, Xi L, Xu AW, Yang L, Yang L, Zack TI, Zeiger MA, Zeng D, Zenklusen JC, Zhao N, Zhang H, Zhang J, Zhang JJ, Zhang W, Zmuda E, Zou L.

Author information

1
Cancer Genome Atlas Program Office, National Cancer Institute at NIH, 31 Center Drive, Bldg. 31, Suite 3A20, Bethesda MD 20892, USA. giordano@umich.edu

Abstract

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type of thyroid cancer. Here, we describe the genomic landscape of 496 PTCs. We observed a low frequency of somatic alterations (relative to other carcinomas) and extended the set of known PTC driver alterations to include EIF1AX, PPM1D, and CHEK2 and diverse gene fusions. These discoveries reduced the fraction of PTC cases with unknown oncogenic driver from 25% to 3.5%. Combined analyses of genomic variants, gene expression, and methylation demonstrated that different driver groups lead to different pathologies with distinct signaling and differentiation characteristics. Similarly, we identified distinct molecular subgroups of BRAF-mutant tumors, and multidimensional analyses highlighted a potential involvement of oncomiRs in less-differentiated subgroups. Our results propose a reclassification of thyroid cancers into molecular subtypes that better reflect their underlying signaling and differentiation properties, which has the potential to improve their pathological classification and better inform the management of the disease.

PMID:
25417114
PMCID:
PMC4243044
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2014.09.050
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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