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Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2015 Feb;13(1):52-9. doi: 10.1007/s11914-014-0248-6.

Lifestyle and osteoporosis.

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Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Perth, WA, 6009, Australia,


Osteoporosis is associated with a number of lifestyle factors, including nutritional factors such as intake of calcium, protein, dairy food, fruits and vegetables and vitamin D status, and behavioural factors such as physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption. Ensuring adequate calcium intake and vitamin D status and having regular weight-bearing physical activity throughout life are important for bone health and the prevention of osteoporosis and related fractures. Studies have shown that smoking and excessive alcohol intake have adverse effects on bone health and increase the risk of fracture. There is evidence suggesting that adequate protein intake and higher intake of fruits and vegetables are beneficial to bone health.

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