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Health Promot Pract. 2015 May;16(3):329-37. doi: 10.1177/1524839914559777. Epub 2014 Nov 21.

Latino sexual and gender identity minorities promoting sexual health within their social networks: process evaluation findings from a lay health advisor intervention.

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Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.


The HOLA intervention was a lay health advisor intervention designed to reduce the disproportionate HIV burden borne by Latino sexual and gender identity minorities (gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men, and transgender persons) living in the United States. Process evaluation data were collected for over a year of intervention implementation from 11 trained Latino male and transgender lay health advisors (Navegantes) to document the activities each Navegante conducted to promote condom use and HIV testing among his or her eight social network members enrolled in the study. Over 13 months, the Navegantes reported conducting 1,820 activities. The most common activity was condom distribution. Navegantes had extensive reach beyond their enrolled social network members, and they engaged in health promotion activities beyond social network members enrolled in the study. There were significant differences between the types of activities conducted by Navegantes depending on who was present. Results suggest that lay health advisor interventions reach large number of at-risk community members and may benefit populations disproportionately affected by HIV.


HIV/AIDS; LGBT; Latino; community intervention; community-based participatory research; health disparities; health promotion; lay health advisors/community health workers; process evaluation; sexual health

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