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Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2015 Feb;41(2):183-98. doi: 10.1177/0146167214559719. Epub 2014 Nov 21.

Self-esteem instability and personality: the connections between feelings of self-worth and the big five dimensions of personality.

Author information

1
Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA zeiglerh@oakland.edu.
2
Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA.
3
Sapir Academic College, D.N. Hof Ashkelon, Israel.
4
Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

Abstract

Relatively few studies have focused on the connections between self-esteem and basic personality dimensions. The purpose of the present studies was to examine whether self-esteem level and self-esteem instability were associated with the Big Five personality dimensions and whether self-esteem instability moderated the associations that self-esteem level had with these personality features. This was accomplished by conducting a series of studies that included samples from the United States, Israel, and China. Across these studies, self-esteem level was associated with high levels of extraversion, emotional stability, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness, whereas self-esteem instability was associated with low levels of emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Individuals with stable high self-esteem reported the highest levels of emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, whereas those with stable low self-esteem had the lowest levels of openness. The results of these studies suggest that feelings of self-worth are associated with self-reported and perceived personality features.

KEYWORDS:

Big Five; fragile; instability; personality; self-esteem; unstable

PMID:
25416044
DOI:
10.1177/0146167214559719
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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