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Phys Rev Lett. 2014 Nov 7;113(19):197205. Epub 2014 Nov 7.

Vaporization of Kitaev spin liquids.

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Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Ookayama, 2-12-1, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan.
Department of Applied Physics, University of Tokyo, Hongo, 7-3-1, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan.


The quantum spin liquid is an exotic quantum state of matter in magnets. This state is a spin analog of liquid helium that does not solidify down to the lowest temperature due to strong quantum fluctuations. In conventional fluids, the liquid and gas possess the same symmetry and adiabatically connect to each other by bypassing the critical end point. We find that the situation is qualitatively different in quantum spin liquids realized in a three-dimensional Kitaev model; both gapless and gapped quantum spin liquid phases at low temperatures are always distinguished from the high-temperature paramagnet (spin gas) by a phase transition. The results challenge the common belief that the absence of thermodynamic singularity down to the lowest temperature is a symptom of a quantum spin liquid.

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