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Paediatr Child Health. 2014 Nov;19(9):485-98.

Bronchiolitis: Recommendations for diagnosis, monitoring and management of children one to 24 months of age.

[Article in English, French; Abstract available in French from the publisher]

Abstract

in English, French

Bronchiolitis is the most common reason for admission to hospital in the first year of life. There is tremendous variation in the clinical management of this condition across Canada and around the world, including significant use of unnecessary tests and ineffective therapies. This statement pertains to generally healthy children ≤2 years of age with bronchiolitis. The diagnosis of bronchiolitis is based primarily on the history of illness and physical examination findings. Laboratory investigations are generally unhelpful. Bronchiolitis is a self-limiting disease, usually managed with supportive care at home. Groups at high risk for severe disease are described and guidelines for admission to hospital are presented. Evidence for the efficacy of various therapies is discussed and recommendations are made for management. Monitoring requirements and discharge readiness from hospital are also discussed.

KEYWORDS:

RSV; Respiratory distress; URTI; Wheezing

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