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J Aging Health. 2015 Jun;27(4):670-85. doi: 10.1177/0898264314558202. Epub 2014 Nov 19.

Frailty in an older inpatient population: using the clinical frailty scale to predict patient outcomes.

Author information

1
University of New South Wales, Australia david.basic@swsahs.nsw.gov.au.
2
University of New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the impact of frailty, measured using the Canadian Study of Health and Aging Clinical Frailty Scale, on outcomes of older people hospitalized with acute illness.

METHOD:

Consecutive patients were randomly allocated to a model development sample or a model validation sample. Multivariate analyses were used to model in-hospital mortality, new nursing home placement, and length of stay. Variables selected in the development samples were tested in the validation samples.

RESULTS:

The mean age of all 2,125 patients was 82.9 years. Most (93.6%) were admitted through the emergency department. Frailty predicted in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR] = 2.97 [2.11, 4.17]), new nursing home placement (OR = 1.60 [1.14, 2.24]), and length of hospital stay (hazard ratio = 0.87 [0.81, 0.93]).

DISCUSSION:

Frailty is a strong predictor of adverse outcomes in older people hospitalized with acute illness. An increased awareness of its impact may alert clinicians to screen for frailty.

KEYWORDS:

death; elderly inpatients; frailty; length of stay; outcomes

PMID:
25414168
DOI:
10.1177/0898264314558202
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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