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J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2015 May;37(4):290-4. doi: 10.1097/MPH.0000000000000288.

The protective effect of Capparis ovata on 6-mercaptopurine-induced hepatotoxicity and oxidative stress in rats.

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Departments of *Pediatrics †Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey.


Capparis ovata is a member of Capparidacaeae family has been used in phytomedicine with a lot of positive effects such as an antioxidative, antihyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory, and antihepatotoxic agent. The aim of this study was to research the protective effect of C. ovata on 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) induced to hepatotoxicity and oxidative stress in rats. The rats were divided into 4 groups: control, 6-MP, C. ovataovate, and 6-MP + C. ovata. A complete blood count was performed, liver function test and antioxidant enzymes levels such as superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, and malondialdehyde were measured in blood before and after a 14-day test period. White blood cell and platelet counts were lower in the 6-MP group than other 3 groups (P < 0.005). Hepatic transaminase levels were higher in 6-MP group than the 3 groups (P < 0.05). Superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and CAT levels were lower and malondialdehyde was higher in blood samples in 6-MP group than other 3 groups (P < 0.005). In conclusion, our tests were showed that C. ovata may be useful in patients receiving 6-MP therapy to prevent hepatotoxicity and in order to maintain uninterrupted therapy possibly reducing the risk of relapse. Although additional studies ensure that Capparis does not affect 6-MP antileukemic activity. We believe these results are important contribution to the literature.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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