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Exp Cell Res. 1989 May;182(1):284-9.

Loss in transformed cells of cell cycle regulation of expression of a nuclear protein recognized by SLE patient antisera.

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Molecular Biology Unit, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute, Nagoya, Japan.


The identification of cellular proteins involved in the control of cell proliferation in normal cells is essential for understanding the mechanism underlying growth regulation and cellular transformation. A nuclear protein termed Ki antigen with a relative mobility of 32,000 (Mr 32K) and which is recognized by SLE patient antisera has been identified in cells of human, bovine, and murine origin. Recently, cDNA clones for the bovine and human Ki antigens have been isolated using SLE patient antisera (T. Nikaido, et al., in preparation). The nucleotide sequence predicted a protein of 239 amino acids with a possible nuclear localization signal resembling that identified in SV40 T antigen and other nuclear proteins. Here we show that the expression of Ki antigen is regulated in the normal cell, but not in the transformed cell. Furthermore, in the K-ras temperature-sensitive mutant cell line, ts 371 normal rat kidney (NRK), Ki antigen expression increases several-fold at the permissive temperature relative to the nonpermissive temperature. These results suggest that expression of Ki antigen might be correlated with cellular transformation as well as with cell growth regulation.

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