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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1989 Apr;5(2):217-24.

Cytomegalovirus infection and trans-activation of HIV-1 and HIV-2 LTRs in human astrocytoma cells.

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Laboratoire d'Immunologie Virale, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

Erratum in

  • AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 1989 Oct;5(5):555.


Susceptibility of a human astrocytoma cell line to human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection was investigated. Infection of U-373MG astrocytoma cells with two strains of HCMV resulted in both production of extracellular, infectious virus and expression of immediate early and early antigens within 18 hours and late antigens after 72 hours of infection. The kinetics of infection in U-373MG cells were the same as in human diploid fibroblasts (MRC-5). Since HCMV and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have reportedly been found in astrocytic cells in vivo, we studied the possible interaction between HCMV and HIV long terminal repeat (LTR) elements in this cellular environment. HCMV infection transactivated the LTR of HIV-1 and HIV-2 to similar levels. Interestingly, transfection of these cells with infectious HIV-1 provirus did not result in expression of gag, env, or F proteins detectable by immunofluorescence. However, provirus gene expression was not completely silent, since it transactivated HIV-1 LTR. The level of this transactivation was similar to that seen following cotransfection with a tat expression vector. These results suggest that opportunistic infection with HCMV may reactivate latent HIV genomes in glial cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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