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Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2015 Feb;45(2):153-9. doi: 10.1093/jjco/hyu190. Epub 2014 Nov 17.

Comparison of clinical features between suspected familial colorectal cancer type X and Lynch syndrome in Japanese patients with colorectal cancer: a cross-sectional study conducted by the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center Komagome Hospital, Tokyo.
2
Division of Clinical Genome Research, Advanced Clinical Research Center, Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo.
3
Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Human Genome Center, Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo.
4
Department of Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya.
5
Department of Molecular-Targeting Cancer Prevention, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto.
6
Clinical Genetic Oncology, Cancer Institute Hospital of Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo.
7
Major in Science, Graduate School of Science and Engineering Research, Kinki University, Higashiosaka.
8
Oncogene Research Unit/Cancer Prevention Unit, Tochigi Cancer Center Research Institute, Utsunomiya.
9
Department of Clinical Oncology, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai.
10
Genetics Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo.
11
Department of Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo.
12
Department of Digestive Tract and General Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Kawagoe 05hishi@saitama-med.ac.jp.
13
Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo.
14
Department of Surgical Oncology, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The characteristics of familial colorectal cancer type X are poorly defined. Here we aimed to clarify the differences in clinical features between suspected familial colorectal cancer type X and Lynch syndrome in Japanese patients.

METHODS:

We performed germline mutation analyses of mismatch repair genes in 125 patients. Patients who met the Amsterdam Criteria I but lacked mismatch repair gene mutations were diagnosed with suspected familial colorectal cancer type X.

RESULTS:

We identified 69 patients with Lynch syndrome and 25 with suspected familial colorectal cancer type X. The frequencies of gastric and extracolonic Lynch syndrome-associated cancers were lower with suspected familial colorectal cancer type X than with Lynch syndrome. The number of organs with Lynch syndrome-associated cancer was significantly lower with suspected familial colorectal cancer type X than with Lynch syndrome. The cumulative incidence of extracolonic Lynch syndrome-associated cancer was significantly lower with suspected familial colorectal cancer type X than with Lynch syndrome. We estimated that the median cancer risk in 60-year-old patients with Lynch syndrome was 89, 36 and 24% for colorectal, endometrial and gastric cancers, respectively. Analyses of family members, including probands, revealed that the median age at diagnosis of extracolonic Lynch syndrome-associated cancer was significantly older with suspected familial colorectal cancer type X than with Lynch syndrome. The frequency of extracolonic Lynch syndrome-associated cancer was significantly lower with suspected familial colorectal cancer type X than with Lynch syndrome.

CONCLUSION:

A significant difference in extracolonic Lynch syndrome-associated cancer was evident between suspected familial colorectal cancer type X and Lynch syndrome.

KEYWORDS:

Lynch syndrome; colorectal cancer; familial colorectal cancer type X

PMID:
25404568
DOI:
10.1093/jjco/hyu190
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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