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Mol Cell Biochem. 2015 Feb;400(1-2):153-62. doi: 10.1007/s11010-014-2271-4. Epub 2014 Nov 18.

PARP inhibitor, olaparib ameliorates acute lung and kidney injury upon intratracheal administration of LPS in mice.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014, India.

Abstract

We have previously shown that PARP-1 inhibition provides protection against lung inflammation in the context of asthma and acute lung injury. Olaparib is a potent new generation PARP inhibitor that has been approved for human testing. The present work was designed to evaluate its beneficial potential against LPS-induced acute lung injury and acute kidney injury upon intratracheal administration of the endotoxin in mice. Administration of olaparib at different doses, 30 min after LPS treatment showed that single intraperitoneal injection of the drug at 5 mg/kg b.wt. reduced the total number of inflammatory cells particularly neutrophils in the lungs. This was associated with reduced pulmonary edema as the total protein content in the bronchoalveolar fluid was found to be decreased substantially. Olaparib provided strong protection against LPS-mediated secondary kidney injury as reflected by restoration of serum levels of urea, creatinine, and uric acid toward normal. The drug restored the LPS-mediated redox imbalance toward normal in lung and kidney tissues as assessed by measuring malondialdehyde and GSH levels. Finally, RT-PCR data revealed that olaparib downregulates the LPS-induced expression of NF-κB-dependent genes namely TNF-α, IL-1β, and VCAM-1 in the lungs without altering the expression of total p65NF-κB. Overall, the data suggest that olaparib has a strong potential to protect against LPS-induced lung injury and associated dysfunctioning of kidney in mice. Given the fact that olaparib is approved by FDA for human testing, our findings can pave the way for testing of the drug on humans inflicted with acute lung injury.

PMID:
25404465
DOI:
10.1007/s11010-014-2271-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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