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Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2014;78(4):266-71. doi: 10.1159/000364870. Epub 2014 Nov 12.

Successful obstetric management of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical, Experimental and Clinical Sciences - Division of Obstetric and Gynecology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Abstract

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a genetic myocardial disorder characterized by the replacement of myocardium by fibro-adipose tissue. The proper obstetric management of this disease remains unclear due to the lack of an adequate number of cases reported in the literature. We report the successful management of a pregnant patient with ARVC. A female patient with ARVC presented to our hospital at 9 weeks of gestation. Before pregnancy, she was treated with bisoprolol, which resulted in a reduction in extrasystoles and she never developed palpitations. Periodical cardiological examinations showed clinical stability, and the only therapeutic change consisted of an increase in the bisoprolol dosage. She delivered at term by elective cesarean section. We decided that avoiding changes in the chronic therapy of our patient was the best management because she had reached clinical stability before pregnancy and discontinuation of therapy may pose an addition risk. In our opinion, cesarean section was the best mode of delivery in our ARVC patient to avoid the stress of labor, which may raise heart rate and cause arrhythmia. Our experience and the case reports in the literature suggest that pregnancy is tolerated in female patients with ARVC, but they need to be monitored during pregnancy by a multidisciplinary team.

PMID:
25402595
DOI:
10.1159/000364870
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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