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PLoS One. 2014 Nov 17;9(11):e111980. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0111980. eCollection 2014.

A pooled analysis of body mass index and mortality among African Americans.

Author information

1
International Epidemiology Institute, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America; EpidStat Institute, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America.
2
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.
3
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
4
Epidemiology Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.
5
Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
6
Cancer Epidemiology Program, University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America.
7
Center for Nutrition, Healthy Lifestyle and Disease Prevention, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, United States of America.
8
Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.
9
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America.
10
Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, United States of America.
11
Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.
12
International Epidemiology Institute, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America; Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America.

Abstract

Pooled analyses among whites and East Asians have demonstrated positive associations between all-cause mortality and body mass index (BMI), but studies of African Americans have yielded less consistent results. We examined the association between BMI and all-cause mortality in a sample of African Americans pooled from seven prospective cohort studies: NIH-AARP, 1995-2009; Adventist Health Study 2, 2002-2008; Black Women's Health Study, 1995-2009; Cancer Prevention Study II, 1982-2008; Multiethnic Cohort Study, 1993-2007; Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Screening Trial, 1993-2009; Southern Community Cohort Study, 2002-2009. 239,526 African Americans (including 100,175 never smokers without baseline heart disease, stroke, or cancer), age 30-104 (mean 52) and 71% female, were followed up to 26.5 years (mean 11.7). Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for mortality were derived from multivariate Cox proportional hazards models. Among healthy, never smokers (11,386 deaths), HRs (CI) for BMI 25-27.4, 27.5-29.9, 30-34.9, 35-39.9, 40-49.9, and 50-60 kg/m(2) were 1.02 (0.92-1.12), 1.06 (0.95-1.18), 1.32 (1.18-1.47), 1.54 (1.29-1.83), 1.93 (1.46-2.56), and 1.93 (0.80-4.69), respectively among men and 1.06 (0.99-1.15), 1.15 (1.06-1.25), 1.24 (1.15-1.34), 1.58 (1.43-1.74), 1.80 (1.60-2.02), and 2.31 (1.74-3.07) respectively among women (reference category 22.5-24.9). HRs were highest among those with the highest educational attainment, longest follow-up, and for cardiovascular disease mortality. Obesity was associated with a higher risk of mortality in African Americans, similar to that observed in pooled analyses of whites and East Asians. This study provides compelling evidence to support public health efforts to prevent excess weight gain and obesity in African Americans.

PMID:
25401742
PMCID:
PMC4234271
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0111980
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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