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ChemSusChem. 2015 Feb;8(4):650-8. doi: 10.1002/cssc.201402677. Epub 2014 Nov 13.

Enhanced performance of mixed-matrix membranes through a graft copolymer-directed interface and interaction tuning approach.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749 (South Korea), Fax: (+82) 2-312-6401.

Abstract

Herein, a high performance mixed-matrix membrane (MMM) is reported with simultaneously large improvements in the CO2 permeability by 880 % from 70.2 to 687.7 Barrer (1 Barrer=1×10(-10)  cm(3)  cm cm(-2)  s(-1)  cmHg(-1) ) and CO2 /N2 selectivity by 14.4 % from 30.5 to 34.9. These findings represent one of the most dramatic improvements ever reported for MMMs. These improvements are obtained through an interface and interaction tuning approach based on an amphiphilic grafted copolymer. Poly(vinyl chloride)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PVC-g-POEM) graft copolymer plays a key role as a soft organic matrix to provide good permeation properties, uniform distribution of zeolite imidazole frameworks-8 (ZIF-8), and better interfacial contact with inorganic compounds. In particular, the CO2 /C3 H8 and CO2 /C3 H6 selectivities reached 10.5 and 42.7, respectively, for PVC-g-POEM/ZIF (40 %) MMMs; this indicates that it could be a promising membrane material for the purification of C3 hydrocarbons.

KEYWORDS:

gas-phase reactions; metal-organic frameworks; mixed matrix membranes; polymers; zeolites

PMID:
25393936
DOI:
10.1002/cssc.201402677
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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