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Am J Public Health. 2015 Jan;105(1):49-57.

A Framework for Enhancing the Value of Research for Dissemination and Implementation.

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Gila Neta is with Implementation Science, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD. Russell E. Glasgow is with Department of Family Medicine and Colorado Health Outcomes Research Program University of Colorado, Denver. Christopher R. Carpenter is with Washington University School of Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine, St Louis, MO. Jeremy M. Grimshaw is with Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, and Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ontario. Borsika A. Rabin is with Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, and CRN Cancer Communication Research Center, Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver. Maria E. Fernandez is with Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research, School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. Ross C. Brownson is with Prevention Research Center in St Louis, Brown School, Washington University in St Louis, and Division of Public Health Sciences, and Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University School of Medicine.


A comprehensive guide that identifies critical evaluation and reporting elements necessary to move research into practice is needed. We propose a framework that highlights the domains required to enhance the value of dissemination and implementation research for end users. We emphasize the importance of transparent reporting on the planning phase of research in addition to delivery, evaluation, and long-term outcomes. We highlight key topics for which well-established reporting and assessment tools are underused (e.g., cost of intervention, implementation strategy, adoption) and where such tools are inadequate or lacking (e.g., context, sustainability, evolution) within the context of existing reporting guidelines. Consistent evaluation of and reporting on these issues with standardized approaches would enhance the value of research for practitioners and decision-makers.

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