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Quant Imaging Med Surg. 2014 Oct;4(5):376-96. doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2223-4292.2014.10.02.

CT angiography in the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease: a transformation in cardiovascular CT practice.

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1
1 Discipline of Medical Imaging, Department of Imaging and Applied Physics, Curtin University, Perth, 6102, Western Australia, Australia ; 2 Department of Medical Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia ; 3 Department of Medical Imaging, Shandong Medical College, Jinan 276000, China.

Abstract

Computed tomography (CT) angiography represents the most important technical development in CT imaging and it has challenged invasive angiography in the diagnostic evaluation of cardiovascular abnormalities. Over the last decades, technological evolution in CT imaging has enabled CT angiography to become a first-line imaging modality in the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. This review provides an overview of the diagnostic applications of CT angiography (CTA) in cardiovascular disease, with a focus on selected clinical challenges in some common cardiovascular abnormalities, which include abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), aortic dissection, pulmonary embolism (PE) and coronary artery disease. An evidence-based review is conducted to demonstrate how CT angiography has changed our approach in the diagnosis and management of cardiovascular disease. Radiation dose reduction strategies are also discussed to show how CT angiography can be performed in a low-dose protocol in the current clinical practice.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular disease; computed tomography angiography (CTA); diagnosis; visualisation

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