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Nature. 2014 Nov 13;515(7526):245-8. doi: 10.1038/nature13894.

Interfacial mode coupling as the origin of the enhancement of T(c) in FeSe films on SrTiO3.

Author information

1
1] Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, USA [2] Departments of Physics and Applied Physics, and Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA.
2
Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, USA.
3
1] Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1, Canada [2] Quantum Matter Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada [3] Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996-1200, USA.
4
Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, USA.
5
1] Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, USA [2] Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.
6
1] Department of Physics, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA [2] Material Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.

Abstract

Films of iron selenide (FeSe) one unit cell thick grown on strontium titanate (SrTiO3 or STO) substrates have recently shown superconducting energy gaps opening at temperatures close to the boiling point of liquid nitrogen (77 kelvin), which is a record for the iron-based superconductors. The gap opening temperature usually sets the superconducting transition temperature Tc, as the gap signals the formation of Cooper pairs, the bound electron states responsible for superconductivity. To understand why Cooper pairs form at such high temperatures, we examine the role of the SrTiO3 substrate. Here we report high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy results that reveal an unexpected characteristic of the single-unit-cell FeSe/SrTiO3 system: shake-off bands suggesting the presence of bosonic modes, most probably oxygen optical phonons in SrTiO3 (refs 5, 6, 7), which couple to the FeSe electrons with only a small momentum transfer. Such interfacial coupling assists superconductivity in most channels, including those mediated by spin fluctuations. Our calculations suggest that this coupling is responsible for raising the superconducting gap opening temperature in single-unit-cell FeSe/SrTiO3.

PMID:
25391962
DOI:
10.1038/nature13894

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