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Mol Neurodegener. 2014 Nov 12;9:47. doi: 10.1186/1750-1326-9-47.

The role of the LRRK2 gene in Parkinsonism.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, School of Medicine, Qingdao University, No, 5 Donghai Middle Road, Qingdao 266071, PR China. dr.tanlan@163.com.

Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD), like many common age-related conditions, has been recognized to have a substantial genetic component. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is a crucial factor to understanding the etiology of PD. LRRK2 is a large, widely expressed, multi-domain and multifunctional protein. LRRK2 mutations are the major cause to inherited and sporadic PD. In this review, we discuss the pathology and clinical features which show diversity and variability of LRRK2-associated PD. In addition, we do a thorough literature review and provide theoretical data for gene counseling. Further, we present the evidence linking LRRK2 to various possible pathogenic mechanism of PD such as α-synuclein, tau, inflammatory response, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, synaptic dysfunction as well as autophagy-lysosomal system. Based on the above work, we investigate activities both within GTPase and outside enzymatic regions in order to obtain a potential therapeutic approach to solve the LRRK2 problem.

PMID:
25391693
PMCID:
PMC4246469
DOI:
10.1186/1750-1326-9-47
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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