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Ital J Pediatr. 2014 Nov 13;40:83. doi: 10.1186/s13052-014-0083-5.

Impact of kangaroo mother care on cerebral blood flow of preterm infants.

Author information

1
Pediatrics department, Faculty of Medicine for Girls, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt. afaf_korraa@yahoo.com.
2
Radiology department, faculty of medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt. alyaa_elnagger@hotmail.com.
3
Pediatrics department, Faculty of Medicine for Girls, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt. ragaaabdelsalam@gmail.com.
4
Pediatrics department, Faculty of Medicine for Girls, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt. gamela.days@yahoo.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Kangaroo mother care (KMC) has been widely used to improve the care of preterms and low birth weight infants. However, very little is known about cerebral hemodynamics responses in preterm infants during KMC intervention. The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in middle cerebral artery, before and after a 30 minute application of KMC in stable preterm infants.

METHODS:

It is a prospective, pre-post test without a control group study. CBF flow paremeters were measured with Doppler ultrasonography in one middle cerebral artery. Sixty preterm stable infants were assessed before and after 30 min KMC. CBF indices were assessed in different positions before KMC, forty neonates in supine position and 20 in vertical suspension (baby is held vertically away from the skin of his mother). Other dependent variables heart rate and mean arterial blood pressure and Spo2 were also studied before and after KMC.

RESULTS:

The mean gestational age of the infants was (32 ± 2 weeks), and mean birth weight was (2080 ± 270 gm). Comparing CBF indices (Pulsatility index and Resistive index) before and after KMC has shown a significant decrease in both Pulsatility index (PI) and Resistive index (RI) after 30 min. KMC, the mean values were (2.0 ± 0.43 vs 1.68 ± 0.33 & 0.81 ± 0.05 vs 0.76 ± 0.06 respectively P < 0.05*) with mean difference (0.32 & 95% CI 0.042-0.41 & 0.05 & 95% CI 0.04 to 0.06 respectively P < 0.05*) and increase in end diastolic velocity & mean velocity 30 min of KMC (10.97 ± 4.63 vs. 15.39 ± 5.66 P < 0.05*& 25.66 ± 10.74 vs. 32.86 ± 11.47 P < 0.05* ) with mean difference (- 4.42 & 95% CI -5.67 to -3.18 and -7.21 & 95% CI - 9.41 to 5.00 respectively). These changes indicate improvement in CBF. No correlation has been found between CBF parameters and studied vital signs or SpO2.

CONCLUSION:

Kangaroo mother care improves cerebral blood flow, thus it might influence the structure and promote development of the premature infant's brain.

PMID:
25391600
PMCID:
PMC4234866
DOI:
10.1186/s13052-014-0083-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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