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Proteins. 2015 Feb;83(2):318-30. doi: 10.1002/prot.24717. Epub 2015 Jan 7.

Methyltransferases do not work by compression, cratic, or desolvation effects, but by electrostatic preorganization.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, SGM 418, Los Angeles, California, 90089; Faculdade de Biotecnologia e Laboratório de Planejamento e Desenvolvimento de Fármacos, Universidade Federal do Pará, 66075-110, Belém, PA, Brazil.

Abstract

The enzyme catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosylmethionine to dopamine and related catechols. The search for the origin of COMT catalysis has led to different proposals and hypothesis, including the entropic, the NAC, and the compression proposals as well as the more reasonable electrostatic idea. Thus, it is important to understand the catalytic power of this enzyme and to examine the validity of different proposals and in particular the repeated recent implication of the compression idea. The corresponding analysis should be done by well-defined physically-based considerations that involve computations rather than circular interpretations of experimental results. Thus, we explore here the origin of the catalytic efficiency of COMT by using the empirical valence bond and the linear response approximation approaches. The results demonstrate that the catalytic effect of COMT is mainly due to electrostatic preorganization effects. It is also shown that the compression, NAC and entropic proposals do not account for the catalytic effect.

KEYWORDS:

NAC; compression; electrostatic; methyltransferase; preorganization

PMID:
25388538
PMCID:
PMC4300294
DOI:
10.1002/prot.24717
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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