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An Bras Dermatol. 2014 Nov-Dec;89(6):878-84.

Lower facial remodeling with botulinum toxin type A for the treatment of masseter hypertrophy.

Author information

1
Private practice particular - Criciúma (SC), Brazil, Criciúma, SC, Brazil.
2
Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Masseter hypertrophy has been treated with botulinum toxin injections because of esthetic complaints especially in Asians.

OBJECTIVES:

The goal of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of abobotulin toxin use in masseter hipertrophy treatment in Brazilians.

METHODS:

Ten Brazilian female patients with masseter hypertrophy were subjected to injections of 90U of abobotulinum toxin A applied on each side respecting the safety zone stabilished in literature and were followed up for 24 weeks.

RESULTS:

When analyzing the coefficients between measures of middle and lower third of the face obtained from standardized photographs, an increase was observed, with statistical significance at 2 weeks (p=0.005) and 12 weeks (p=0.001). The progression of lower third reduction was 3.94%, 5.26%, 11.99%, and 5.47% (2, 4, 12, and 24 weeks respectively). All patients showed improvement in bruxism after treatment. Observed adverse effects were masticatory fatigue, smile limitation, and smile asymmetry.

CONCLUSION:

The use of abobotulinum toxin A for masseter hypertrophy is effective in Brazilians and reached its maximum effect of facial thinning at 12 weeks. Smile limitation had a higher incidence compared to that reported in the literature and may result from risorius muscle blockage caused by toxin dissemination. Despite its side effects, 80% of the patients would like to repeat the treatment.

PMID:
25387491
PMCID:
PMC4230655
DOI:
10.1590/abd1806-4841.20143200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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