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Arch Bone Jt Surg. 2014 Sep;2(3):151-6. Epub 2014 Sep 15.

In-Hospital Outcomes after Hemiarthroplasty versus Total Hip Arthroplasty for Isolated Femoral Neck Fractures.

Author information

1
Timothy Voskuijl MD, Valentin Neuhaus MD, Ahmet Kinaci BSc, Mark Vrahas MD, David Ring MD PhD, Massachusetts General Hospital, Yawkey Center, Suite 2100, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous studies suggest total hip arthroplasty may have some benefits compared to hemi-arthroplasty for displaced intracapsular femoral neck fractures in patients more than 60 years of age. The primary research question of our study was whether in-hospital adverse events, post-operative length of stay (LOS) and mortality in patients 60 year of age or older differed between total hip and hemi-arthroplasty for femoral neck fracture.

METHODS:

We obtained data on 82951 patients more than 60 years of age with an isolated femoral neck fracture treated with either hemi-arthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty in 2009 or 2010 from the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) database. The International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9, CM) was used to code diagnoses, comorbidities, complications, and procedures.

RESULTS:

Controlling for demographics and comorbidities, patients treated with hemi-arthroplasty had a 40% (95% CI 1.4-1.5) higher risk of adverse events compared to patients treated with a total hip arthroplasty. Length of stay and in-hospital mortality did not differ between these groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

The observed advantage for total hip arthroplasty might reflect greater infirmity in hemi-arthroplasty patients that was not accounted for by ICD-9 codes alone.

KEYWORDS:

Complication; Femoral neck fracture; Hemiarthroplasty; Inpatient; Length of stay; Mortality; Total hip arthroplasty

PMID:
25386574
PMCID:
PMC4225018

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