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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1989 Mar;83(3):663-8.

The effect of nedocromil sodium on the bronchoconstrictor effect of neurokinin A in subjects with asthma.

Author information

1
Department of Respiratory Diseases, University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Abstract

We have previously demonstrated that the neuropeptide, neurokinin A (NKA) (substance K), causes bronchoconstriction in subjects with asthma. In a double-blind, crossover study we investigated the effect of nedocromil sodium on NKA-induced bronchoconstriction in subjects with asthma. Twelve patients with mild asthma (mean FEV1 percent predicted +/- SE, 87.3 +/- 3.4) inhaled on 2 separate days either nedocromil sodium, 4 mg, or placebo, as two puffs from a metered-dose aerosol, 30 minutes before challenge with NKA. NKA was inhaled at three concentrations (10(-7), 3.10(-7), and 10(-6) mol/ml). The specific airway conductance (SGaw) and FEV1 were measured before and 5 and 15 minutes after each concentration step. On the placebo-treatment day, NKA caused a concentration-dependent decrease in SGaw and FEV1 (mean log for the provocative concentration of NKA causing a 35% fall in SGaw [10(-7) mol/ml], 0.49; mean log for the provocative concentration of NKA causing a 15% fall in SGaw [10(-7) mol/ml], 0.90). The inhalation of 4 mg of nedocromil sodium reduced the decrease in both SGaw and FEV1. The maximal percentage decrease in SGaw on the nedocromil sodium-treatment day was 27 +/- 5.2 (versus placebo, 53.3 +/- 5.4; p less than 0.05), and the maximal percentage decrease in FEV1 was 5.5 +/- 1.4 (versus placebo, 12.4 +/- 2.3; p less than 0.05). The dose-response curves for NKA after nedocromil sodium treatment were significantly shifted to the right compared to the curve after placebo-treatment. We conclude that nedocromil sodium protects against NKA-induced bronchoconstriction in subjects with asthma.

PMID:
2538499
DOI:
10.1016/0091-6749(89)90080-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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