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Mol Cell Biol. 2015 Jan;35(2):451-67. doi: 10.1128/MCB.01124-14. Epub 2014 Nov 10.

A protease-independent function for SPPL3 in NFAT activation.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Chemistry, Institute for Cell Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
2
Department of Biological Chemistry, Institute for Cell Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA joel.pomerantz@jhmi.edu.

Abstract

The signal peptide peptidase (SPP)-related intramembrane aspartyl proteases are a homologous group of polytopic membrane proteins, some of which function in innate or adaptive immunity by cleaving proteins involved in antigen presentation or intracellular signaling. Signal peptide peptidase-like 3 (SPPL3) is a poorly characterized endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized member of this family, with no validated cellular substrates. We report here the isolation of SPPL3 in a screen for activators of NFAT, a transcription factor that controls lymphocyte development and function. We find that SPPL3 is required downstream of T cell receptor engagement for maximal Ca(2+) influx and NFAT activation. Surprisingly, the proteolytic activity of SPPL3 is not required for its role in this pathway. SPPL3 enhances the signal-induced association of stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) and Orai1 and is even required for the full activity of constitutively active STIM1 variants that bind Orai1 independently of ER Ca(2+) release. SPPL3 associates with STIM1 through at least two independent domains, the transmembrane region and the CRAC activation domain (CAD), and can promote the association of the STIM1 CAD with Orai1. Our results assign a function in lymphocyte signaling to SPPL3 and highlight the emerging importance of nonproteolytic functions for members of the intramembrane aspartyl protease family.

PMID:
25384971
PMCID:
PMC4272424
DOI:
10.1128/MCB.01124-14
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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