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Ann Fam Med. 2014 Nov-Dec;12(6):573-6. doi: 10.1370/afm.1713.

From triple to quadruple aim: care of the patient requires care of the provider.

Author information

  • 1Center for Excellence in Primary Care, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California TBodenheimer@fcm.ucsf.edu tbodie@earthlink.net.
  • 2Medical Associates Clinic and Health Plan, Dubuque, Iowa American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois.

Abstract

The Triple Aim-enhancing patient experience, improving population health, and reducing costs-is widely accepted as a compass to optimize health system performance. Yet physicians and other members of the health care workforce report widespread burnout and dissatisfaction. Burnout is associated with lower patient satisfaction, reduced health outcomes, and it may increase costs. Burnout thus imperils the Triple Aim. This article recommends that the Triple Aim be expanded to a Quadruple Aim, adding the goal of improving the work life of health care providers, including clinicians and staff.

KEYWORDS:

health care workforce; patient-centered care; primary health care

PMID:
25384822
PMCID:
PMC4226781
DOI:
10.1370/afm.1713
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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