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Curr Nutr Rep. 2014;3(4):324-332.

The Intersection between Food Insecurity and Diabetes: A Review.

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School of Nutrition, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 2K3 Canada.
Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 2K3 Canada.
Library and Archives, Ryerson University , 350 Victoria Street, L272-F, Toronto, Ontario M5B 2K3 Canada.


Access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food not only affects the health of people who experience food insecurity, but also their ability to manage health conditions, such as diabetes. When people find it difficult to access sufficient food, tailoring their food selection to a diabetes regimen is even more difficult. Food insecurity in North America is consistently more prevalent among households with a person living with diabetes, and similarly, diabetes is also more prevalent in food-insecure households. Diabetes management can be stressful due to the many required responsibilities; when compounded with food insecurity, it becomes an even greater challenge. As a result, many food-insecure diabetics find themselves caught between competing priorities such as procuring food, prescribed medications and supplies for diabetes, and managing other living expenses, potentially worsening their condition and overall health. Healthcare providers should be aware and informed about the significant role that food security can play in the prevention and management of diabetes.


Coping strategies; Diabetes; Diabetes management; Diabetes prevention; Food insecurity; Food security; Hypoglycemia; Poverty; Self-care; Self-efficacy; Self-management

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