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Transplant Proc. 2014 Oct;46(8):2640-3. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2014.08.030.

Advanced age of renal transplant recipients correlates with increased plasma concentrations of interleukin-6, chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2), and matrix metalloproteinase 2, and urine concentrations of CCL2 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology and Transplantation Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland. Electronic address: o.mazanowska@gmail.com.
2
Department of Nephrology and Transplantation Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland.
3
Department of Vascular, General and Transplant Surgery, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland.
4
Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, (ICM UW), Poland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Advanced age of renal transplant recipients (RTRs) has a negative impact on kidney allograft survival through impaired extracellular matrix degradation by the matrix metalloproteinases/tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (MMPs/TIMPs) system. Moreover, older RTRs are at risk of smoldering inflammation, known as inflammaging.

AIM:

The aim of the study was to assess the impact of a RTR's age on plasma and urine concentrations of interleukin 6 (IL-6), chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2), and the MMPs/TIMPs system.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

One hundred fifty adult RTRs (8.7% ≥ 65 years) and 37 adult healthy volunteers (10.8% ≥ 65 years) were enrolled in the study. The studied factors (IL-6, CCL2, MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2) were quantified in plasma and urine with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman's (rs) rank correlation were applied, and differences with a P < .05 were considered statistically significant.

RESULTS:

There was a weak but significant positive correlation between increasing RTR's age and plasma IL-6 (rs = 0.18, P = .028), CCL2 (rs = 0.27, P = .001), and MMP-2 (rs = 0.20, P = .017), as well as urine CCL2 (rs = 0.16, P = 0.050) and TIMP-1 (rs = 0.20, P = .014) concentrations.

CONCLUSIONS:

Advancing age of RTRs correlates with increasing plasma IL-6 and CCL2 concentrations, reflecting smoldering inflammation (known as inflammaging) and alterations in MMPs/TIMPs profiles, especially with increased plasma MMP-2 and urine TIMP-1 concentrations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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